There are different types of organic production. Basic organic production is governed by EU regulation 834/2007. Other organic certifications may stipulate stricter requirements than the regulation on, for example, the percentage of organic feed used in animal husbandry. In the National Agency for Public Procurement’s criteria documents, you can choose to procure both alternatives, meaning EU organic or organic with stricter requirements.
How organic agriculture helps protect natural resources, biodiversity, animal care and rural development is an area that has received extra momentum in recent years in the field of European agriculture. Since 1 July 2010, labels with the EU leaf are mandatory for all pre-packaged organic products that are produced in an EU member state and that fulfil the requirements.
For food to be called organic, it must be produced in accordance with the rules that are established by the EU. EU regulation 834/2007 governs the ordinances on the organic production of agricultural products and how information must be listed on agricultural products and food.
In Sweden, the KRAV organisation is in charge of overseeing and certifying organic production. KRAV also oversees and certifies “EU organic”, meaning articles produced in accordance with EU regulations. The KRAV label demonstrates that the production was conducted without the use of chemical pesticides, without fertilizers and that the animals were treated properly and have access to the outdoors and pastures according to animal type and climate. They largely consume organic feed from their own farm. The label also guarantees that no genetically modified organisms, or GMOs, were used in the production and that the products do not contain any unnecessary additives.
KRAV oversees crop production, animal husbandry, processing, distribution, fish farming, beekeeping, wild berries and mushrooms, imports, stores and restaurants.
Organic production in Sweden is conducted in accordance with KRAV’s organic production rules, or pursuant to EU regulations. KRAV’s stipulations fulfil EU rules, though in certain cases are stricter, and govern areas for which the EU has yet to adopt rules. All KRAV affiliated organisations are checked at least once a year. The organisation also re-certifies products from other countries.