The environmental footprint of foods differ and even individual consumers can contribute to reducing the environmental impact.
Food production that causes high carbon emissions include pork, milk and greenhouse grown vegetables. Read more about sustainable fish and meat consumption.
Production, transportation and waste are all part of the foods lifecycle for which climate smart decisions can have a tangible effect. You can gain a lot by reviewing your habits and making proactive choices.
The Swedish National Food Agency has issued a report (in Swedish) on how big a climate impact food can have on the different parts of the cold chain, on route from the food industry to the consumer. You will also find information on the food’s climate footprint in the report entitled Climate impact, and the energy consumption of food packaging, here.
SIK has initiated a project to develop a method to calculate the climate impact/GWP of food products from a lifecycle perspective (as an alternative to conducting lifecycle analyses according to ISO 14040-43 and/or PAS 2050). The project was conducted between 2008 and 2010 and was financed by the Swedish Board of Agriculture under the “Food strategy for Sweden” initiative.
Our daily bread “costs” several tonnes of water to produce. The amount of food that the average Swedish consumer has access to through stores, preschool, school cafeterias, hospitals and similar places corresponds to just over five tonnes of water a day. SIWI writes about how global food production and consumption impacts the global water supply and how the climate impact of food can be reduced by reducing waste rather than increasing food production.
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The mussel is an environmentally smart alternative for those of you who prefer to eat fish and seafood.