Product subgroup

Pork

På svenska

In Sweden, 32.4 kg of pork was consumed per person in 2018.1Approximately 75% of consumption is produced in Sweden, and imports come mainly from Denmark, Germany, Poland and the Netherlands.2 About 2% of Swedish production is organic pork.3 Contracting authorities that use sustainability criteria in their procurement of pork products can encourage better environmental sustainability in pork production and good animal welfare.  

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The average carbon footprint of each kilogramme of pork is between four and eight CO2 equivalents.4The production of pork generates a lower level of greenhouse gas emissions than meat from ruminants, but pigs do not have the same positive effect on preserving biological diversity and open landscapes as grazing animals do.Pork production requires large quantities of feed, the production of which takes up arable land.6 Primary sources of greenhouse gas emissions from pork production are the production of animal feed and farmyard manure.7

Fodder in pork production can include cereals, soya and by-products from the food industry. The production of soya for animal feed represents a large proportion of the global environmental impact from livestock production. The majority of soya produced is used in animal feed.8 Soya and by-products of the oil palm used in animal feed can be produced in a more sustainable way, for example by actively avoiding production in  areas with high conservation values.9    

Globally, there is a high level of antibiotics use in pork production. The widespread use of antibiotics around the world for both humans and animals has led to a rise in multi-resistant bacteria in our surroundings.10 Of all EU member states, Sweden has the lowest antibiotics use for farm animals.11 Preventative measures for good animal health and welfare help to keep the use of antibiotics at a minimum.

Animal welfare can be defined in several different ways. EU animal welfare legislation which emphasises  that animals are to be treated as sentient beings is based on five freedoms that animals should be able to enjoy: freedom from hunger and thirst, freedom from discomfort, freedom from pain, injury and disease, freedom to express normal behaviour, and freedom from fear and distress.12 To treat animals as sentient beings includes minimising their pain; for example, through effective anaesthesia during stressing and painful procedures such as castration and stunning before slaughter.13 Giving pigs the opportunity to occupy themselves allows them to express behaviour that is important for their well-being and reduces the risk of harmful behaviour, such as tail biting.14 Increased space also reduces the likelihood of harmful behaviour occurring in pigs.15 

 

1 In carcass weight, including bones. For more information see Jordbruksverkets webbplats. Jordbruksverket, 2019

2 Ibid.

3 Jordbruksverket, 2018

4 Life-cycle analysis, including primary production, processing and packaging. Röös, 2014

5 Konsumentverket, 2019

6 Ibid.

7 Cederberg et al., 2009

8 Goldsmith, 2008

9 The Consumer Goods Forum, 2016

   Basiron, 2016

10 World Health Organization, 2018

11 European Medicines Agency, 2018

12 Fördraget om Europeiska Unionens Funktionssätt, 2009.  Botreau, et al (2007)

13 Fördraget om Europeiska Unionens Funktionssätt, 2009  ;Konsumentverket, 2019Numberger et al., 2016

14 Vermeer et al., 2017Hellqvist, 2018; Studnitz et al., 2007; Zwicker et al., 2013

15 Vermeer et al., 2017

Environmental aspects

Extent

Fresh and frozen pork including compound product and cured meats with a pork content of at least 10%. Examples of products covered by the criteria:

  • Pork cuts such as roast, chops, loins, fillets and hand 
  • Minced pork
  • Spareribs
  • Ham
  • Schnitzel
  • Smoke-cured loin of pork
  • Pork belly 
  • Bacon 
  • Sausage
  • Meatballs
  • Processed luncheon meat
  • Diced pork pancake
  • Stuffed cabbage rolls
  • Scandinavian hash
  • Pie
  • Pizza

Subject matter of contract

Products of pork with environmental and animal protection criteria

Associated criteria

Technical specification
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Download requirements by using our WIZARD

Application instructions

Use the criterion or criteria which best suits your organization’s needs, goals and capacity to monitor compliance of the criteria. Indicate in the document specifically which products are to fulfil the requirement. It is also important to state how the tenderer should respond to the criteria. Do a thorough market analysis to inform yourself about market availability. Take help from the National Agency of Public Procurement's support for market analysis and early dialouge (only in Swedish).