Environmental goals

Flame retardants in textiles where flame retardant function are requested

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Using the requirement avoids several environment and health-hazardous flame retardants in textiles.

Technical specification RequirementID: 10016: 2

For textilies where flame retardant funcition are requested the following flame retardants shall not have been used in the tendered products (levels above 5 mg/kg textile are not approved):

Substance

CAS-no

Chlorinated paraffins (kortkedjiga, förkortat SCCP)

85535-84-8

Tetrabromdiphenyl ether (tetraBDE) 5436-43-1, 40088-47-9

Pentabromodiphenyl ether (pentaBDE)

32534-81-9, 60348-60-9

Hexabromdiphenyl ether (hexaBDE) 68631-49-2, 207122-15-4, 36483-60-0
Heptabromodiphenyl ether (heptaBDE) 207122-16-5, 446255- 22-7, 68928-80-3

Octabromodiphenyl ether (octaBDE)

32536-52-0

Decabromodiphenyl ether (decaBDE):

1163-19-5

Polybrominated biphenyls (PBB)

59536-65-1(mix)

Hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDD)

25637-99-4
3194-55-6  

tris[2-chloro-1-chloromethyl)ethyl] phosphate (TDCPP)

13674-87-8

Tris(1-aziridinyl)-phosphine oxide (TEPA)

545-55-1

tris(2,3-dibromopropyl) phosphate (TBPP)

126-72-7

Tris(2-kloretyl)fosfat (TCEP)

115-96-8

  • Certification schemes (valid certificate) that fulfill the requirement, for example:
    Ökotex Standard 100 (product cllass I, II, II, IV) 2017
    or
    Nordic Ecolabelling of Textile, hides/ skins and leather Version 4
    or
    Bra Miljöval Textil Kriterier 2012 (kategori fiber och beredning) [Good Environmental Choice Textile Criteria 2012 (Category Fibre and Finishing)]
    or
    GOTS version 5.0, 2017
    or
    Blue Sign (BSSL) version 7, 2017 (usage range A, B and C)
    or other typ I (ISO 14024) certification system fulfilling the requirement

Or

  • Documentation containing information on how the supplier ensures that the above requirements are fulfilled. E.g. how the flame retardant function is achieved and an assurance that listed substances in the requirement are not constituents.

Flame retardants are used to impede ignition and prevent the spread of fire. There are several hundred different flame retardants, and the halogenated (brominated and chlorinated), for example, can be persistent, bioaccumulative and hazardous to health. The basic requirement lists a number of halogenated flame retardants , as well as a phosphorus compound. Some of the halogenated flame retardant agents in the requirement (HBCDD, DecaBDE, SCCP, TCEP) are today on the Reach candidate list of Substances of Very High Concern, some are in Reach Annex XIV of substances subject to authorisation (HBCDD, SCCPS, TCEP) and some are on the Stockholm Convention list of persistent organic pollutants (TetraBDE, PentaBDE, HexaBDE, HeptaBDE, HexaBB and HBCDD). Reach Annex XVII on restrictions on the use of certain dangerous substances also regulates some flame retardants from use in textiles (Tris (2,3 dibromopropyl) phosphate) and Tris(aziridinyl)phosphinoxide, PBB) as well as OctaBDE. The halogenated flame retardants have been given particular attention as several substances in this group have proven to be persistent, bioaccumulative and harmful to health, which was also raised in a petition from around 150 researchers in 2010: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3002202/.
The deliberate prevention of fire risks and the adapting of textiles, materials and furniture in premises can reduce the need to make textiles flame retardant. When different types of fibre are exposed to a source of ignition, they vary in their readiness to ignite or do not ignite at all*, and the ways in which they continue to burn or whether they go out differ. Wool, for example, is far more flame resistant than cotton, even if there are instances of also making wool flame retardant. Synthetic fibres burn and melt, but there are also synthetic fibres with inherent flame retardance, such as the polyester fibre Trevira CS. The form of the material also has significance, a "fluffy" fabric burns more easily than a fabric that is thick and tightly woven. Regardless of whether the flame retardant substances have been added to the fibre during or after manufacture, it is important to avoid substances that are hazardous to the environment or health.
* Using LOI, limiting oxygen index, fibres can be ranked according to how easily they burn. LOI is the minimum concentration of oxygen (%) needed to maintain combustion of the fibre.
More about flame resistance and systematic fire protection is available to read on the MSB website, https://www.msb.se/sv/Forebyggande/Brandskydd/Los-inredning--flamskydd/
  • RequirementID: 10016: 2
  • Latest version 2017-12-21