Tyres account for 20–30 per cent of a vehicle's fuel consumption and it is estimated that the most energy-efficient tyres reduce consumption by up to 10 per cent.
The obligatory energy labelling of tyres for private cars, lorries and buses entered into force on 1 November 2012, and the labelling indicates the tyres' energy-efficiency, their grip in wet weather conditions and the amount of noise they produce.
At EU-level, the energy labelling is expected to reduce the total fuel consumption of vehicles by 5 per cent, in the long term. Lower fuel consumption also means lower carbon dioxide emissions.
A tyre's properties can affect the environment in several ways, including:
- Rolling resistance
- Environmentally hazardous substances in the rubber compound
- The tyre's external road noise
- The tyre's lifespan
- Breaking up particles from the road surface
- Recycling of used tyres
Subject of procurement
Tyres for private cars, buses, lorries and heavy vehicles