When bleaching chemical pulp, chlorine compounds (AOX) may be formed and released in the production facility's wastewater. The criteria include type of bleaching method as well as chlorine compound value.
- Technical specification
- Printing and copying paper
Pulp included in printing and copying paper shall be bleached without chlorine, i.e. by the ECF or TCF methods.
The AOX emissions from the production of each individual pulp shall not exceed 0.17 kg/ADt1.
1ADt = air dry tonne of pulp expressed as 90 % dryness
The supplier shall, upon request, be able to present any of for example the following:
- Valid license for any of for example the following labels:
- EU Ecolabel for graphic paper ((EU) 2019/70)
- Nordic Ecolabelling for Copy and Printing Paper, version 5.
- The company’s self-declaration including one of the following alternatives:
- certificate that TCF pulp was used
- calculation in accordance with EU Ecolabel's criterion 1b for graphic paper ((EU) 2019/70) which shows that the requirement is met
- The company’s self-declaration including technical documentation of compliance verified by an accredited verification body, accredited for the task in accordance with ISO/IEC 17029 or equivalent standard.
Self-declaration with certificate or calculation
If the requirement has been verified with a self-declaration and a certificate that TCF pulp was used, check if the certificate is still valid
If the requirement has been verified with a self-declaration and calculation, request a current calculation from the supplier.
Self-declaration verified by an accredited verification body
If a verified self-declaration is used to prove that the requirement is fulfilled, request the supplier’s self-declaration, including documentation showing that the requirement is met. The self-declaration shall be verified by a verification body accredited for the task in accordance with ISO / IEC 17029 or equivalent standard.
Information about the criterion
Note that the requirement is not appropriate to set for archival resistant paper, since it consists mostly of textile fibers and possibly a small amount of pulp.
Please note that the requirement is not suitable for archive-resistant paper, as it consists mostly of textile fiber and possibly a small amount of pulp.
There are currently a limited number of accredited verification bodies for ISO/IEC 17029 (Conformity assessment - General principles and requirements for validation and verification bodies) as it is a relatively new standard. This may change, especially if the demand for verifying compliance in this way increases. More information about the standard and accredited verification bodies can be found on Swedac's website.
The amount of chlorine compounds are measured and expressed as AOX (Adsorbable Organic Halogens). Many chlorine compounds are difficult to degrade, are fat-soluble and stored in the fatty tissues of organisms and passed upward in the food chain. As such, they are associated with serious health and environmental effects.
Modern bleaching methods for paper pulp are the TCF (Totally Chlorine Free) and ECF (Elemental Chlorine Free) methods. TCF means that the pulp is bleached completely without chlorine, therefore this bleaching method does not give AOX emissions. ECF means that the pulp is bleached with chlorine dioxide. This bleaching method produces AOX emissions, but significantly lower emissions than chlorine gas bleaching.
Chlorine is no longer used for pulp bleaching within the EU. However, since chlorine bleaching may be used in other places in the world, it is important to set this requirement.
Emissions of AOX can be stated either as emissions from each individual pulp used for production of printing and copying paper or as a weighted average of the total pulp emissions used for production of printing and copying paper. In this criterion, requirements are set for emissions from each individual mass.
The version date indicates when the sustainability criterion was created or last updated. Last reviewed dated tells when we last checked that the sustainability criterion still is relevant.
- Current ID
- Version date
- Review date