It is important that preservatives and colouring agents in the products are not bioaccumulative since they can accumulate in living organisms and become concentrated upwards in the food chain.
Ingredient1 preservatives and colouring agents shall not be bioaccumulative, in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 on classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures (CLP regulation).
- Colouring agents approved as food additives in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008 on food additives
- Preservatives with LC50, EC50 and IC50 > 100 mg/l or NOEC/ECx > 10 mg/l.
- Readily biodegradable preservatives whose degradation products have BCF or log Kow that fulfils the requirement.
- Preservatives that are not bioavailable (molar mass >700 g/mole)
1Counted as ingredient substances are all substances in the product at levels greater than 0.01 weight%. Counted as ingredient substances are intentionally added substances and impurities from the raw materials in the product. Reaction products, by-products and degradation products are counted as impurities.
2The distribution coefficient (Kow) between oktanol and water should be less than 4 (log Kow < 4) or experimentally determined bioconcentration factor (BCF) should be less than 500 (BCF < 500).
- Labellings that fulfil the requirement, for example:
License in accordance with the Good Environmental Choice Criteria for chemical products, version 2018:1
License in accordance with the Nordic Ecolabelling criteria for:
Cleaning products, version 6.0
Hand dish washing detergents, version 6.0
Dishwasher detergents for professional use, version 2.8
Laundry detergents for professional use, version 3.3
Dish washer detergents and rinsing agents, version 6.4
Laundry detergents and stain removers, version 7.9
License in accordance with the EU Ecolabel criteria for:
Hard surface cleaning products, 2017
Detergents for dishwashers, 2017
Industrial and institutional automatic dishwasher detergents, 2017
Hand dishwashing detergents, 2017
Laundry detergents, 2017
Industrial and institutional laundry detergents, 2017
- Raw material supplier's safety data sheets for all preservatives and colouring agents in the product.
- Excerpt from ECHA's database showing that the preservative or colouring agent is not bioaccumulative with the specified logKow or BCF.
- Other verification showing that the requirement is met
If the requirement is verified with a label, check that there is a valid license for the product in question. This can be controlled here: Nordic Ecolabelling (Swan), Good Environmental Choice and EU Ecolabel.
This requirement can be verified with safety data sheets for all the colouring agents and preservatives in the product, i. e not with the safety data sheet for the product. See section 12 "Ecological information" of the safety data sheet - for example, it can be stated that "the product is not expected to be bioaccumulative". If "data does not exist" is stated, check section 9 "Physical and chemical properties" - where log Kow values can be specified under "octanol / water distribution coefficient". Make sure that log Kow <4 or BCF <500. If data is missing in both sections 12 and 9, the supplier of the colouring agent or preservative needs to supplement the information in the form of, for example, test reports.
If the requirement has been verified with excerpts from ECHA's database, make sure that the specified values for bioaccumulation are log Kow <4 or BCF <500.
Bioaccumulability involves a risk for the environment, since substances that are bioaccumulative may accumulate in biological organisms and also be biomagnified i.e. concentrated further upwards in the food chains.
Note that this requirement cannot be verified with the product’s safety data sheet. Safety data sheets for all the preservatives and colouring agents in the product are required. More information on this can be found under “follow-up”.
ECHA is the European Chemicals Agency. ECHA's website contains a searchable database for all the substances that have been registered in REACH.
The requirement covers only colouring agents and preservatives as these are primarily such raw materials that can have bioaccumulative properties.
The requirements for chemical-technical products are mainly set for the properties of products and the substances contained, and only in exceptional cases are requirements set for limiting individual specified substances. The intention with this approach is to stimulate technical development so that the environmental and health characteristics of chemical-technical products are continuously improved. Another important idea behind the criteria is to combine the lifecycle perspective with a risk perspective, in other words, focusing on aspects where there is significant risk of substances contained impacting on health or the environment. In some cases, specific relevant exceptions from the requirements are stated.
The version date indicates when the sustainability criterion was created or last updated. Last reviewed dated tells when we last checked that the sustainability criterion still is relevant.
Current KravID: 10226:1
Version date: 5/7/2019 2:21:51 PM