Surfactants are used in large amounts in detergents and many surfactants are toxic to aquatic organisms. It is therefore relevant to avoid accumulation of them in the environment. Many surfactants are degradeable under aerobic conditions (with oxygen). This requirement also require the surfactants to be degradeable under anaerobic condition (without oxygen).
Tensider som ingår i produkten ska vara lätt nedbrytbara (aerobt) enligt OECD:s riktlinjer, testmetod 301 (A till F) eller 310 eller motsvarande testmetoder samt anaerobt nedbrytbara enligt OECD:s riktlinjer, test 311 eller motsvarande testmetoder.
- Ecolabels fulfilling the requirement, for example: :
License in accordance with Good Environmental Choice cosmetic products, version 2018:1
License in accordance with Nordic Ecolabelling’s criteria for cosmetic products, version 3.3
Reference to the surfactants DID-numbers on the EU Ecolabel DID-list, part A+B 2016 or later (Deteregent Ingredient Database) for all ingoing surfacntats, showing that the surfactants are aerobically and anaerobically biodegradable.
Raw material supplier's safety data sheets for all ingoing surfactants in the product showing that the surfactants are readily biodegradable and a complimentary test report showing that the surfactants are anaerobically biodegradeable according to the test methods in the requirement.
Test reports showing that the surfactants are readily biodegradeble and anaerobically biodegradeable according to the test methods described in the requirement.
Other verification showing that the requirement is met.
If the requirement is verified with a label, check that there is a valid license for the product in question. This can be controlled here: Nordic Ecolabelling (Nordic Swan), Good Environmental Choice.
If the requiement has been verified with the EU Ecolabel's DID-list ask the supplier to indicate what DID-number each surfactant has. Check that the surfactant is both aerobically and anaerobically biodegradeable in the DID-list. In the column for aerobically degradeability there should be and 'R' (=readily biodegradeable) and in the column for anaerobically degradeability there should be a 'Y' (=Yes it is anaerobically degradeable).
The requirement on readily biodegradeability (aerobic) can be verified by material safety data sheets for the ingoing surfactants in the products (not safety datasheet for the final product/detergent). See material safety datasheet section "12 Ecological information". In this section it may be stated that This surfactant complies with the biodegradability criteria as laid down in Regulation (EC) No.648/2004 on detergents. For detergents and cleaning products it is by law a requirement that the surfactants are readily biodegradable, which may be stated in section 12 or 15 in the material safety datasheet.
To check anaerobic degradation a test report is needed. The test report shall have been based on the test methods in the requirement and have results showing that the surfactant is anaerobically biodegradable.
The requirements for chemical-technical products are mainly set for the properties of products and the substances contained, and only in exceptional cases are requirements set for limiting individual specified substances. The intention with this approach is to stimulate technical development so that the environmental and health characteristics of chemical-technical products are continuously improved. Another important idea behind the criteria is to combine the lifecycle perspective with a risk perspective, in other words, focusing on aspects where there is significant risk of substances contained impacting on health or the environment. In some cases, specific relevant exceptions from the requirements are stated.
The version date indicates when the sustainability criterion was created or last updated. Last reviewed dated tells when we last checked that the sustainability criterion still is relevant.
Current KravID: 11299
Version date: 5/7/2019 12:00:00 AM