Health risks of ingredient substances
It is important that there are no substances in the products, that are toxic or can cause cancer, genetic defects, harm fertility or the unborn child. This is to protect the user, but also to avoid distribution in the environment.
- Technical specification
- Chemical products
Ingredient substances1 shall not be classified with the following hazard class and hazard statements in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 on classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures (CLP regulation), neither in EU-harmonised classification (in accordance with appendix VI in the CLP regulation) nor in self-classification.
Classification in accordance with Regulation (EC) 1272/2008
Acute toxicity (categories 1-3)
H300, H301, H310, H311, H330, H331
Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure (category 1)
Specific target organ toxicity - repeated exposure (category 1)
Toxic for reproduction
H360, H361, H362
- For classification with acute toxicity and/or specific target organ toxicity, the following are exempted:
Enzymes (including stabilizers and preservatives in the enzyme raw material).
Colouring agents approved as food additives in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008 on food additives.
Biological substances2, for example plant extracts
- For classification with H351, the following are exempted:
Pollutants of NTA (Trisodium nitrilotriacetate, CAS 5064-31-3) in complexing agents at levels of up to 0.1 weight percent in the end product.
1Counted as ingredient substances are all substances in the product at levels greater than 0.01 weight percent. Counted as ingredient substances are intentionally added substances and impurities from the raw materials in the product. Reaction products, by-products and degradation products are counted as impurities.
2Biological substances are substances extracted with or without solvents from biological material, possibly purified, but not further modified. They can be vegetable or animal.
The supplier shall, upon request, be able to present any of for example the following:
- Valid license for any of for example the following labels:
Good Environmental Choice for chemical products, version 2018:1
EU Ecolabel for:
Hard surface cleaning products, (EU) 2017/1217
Detergents for dishwashers, (EU) 2017/1216
Industrial and institutional automatic dishwasher detergents, (EU) 2017/1215
Hand dishwashing detergents, (EU) 2017/1214
Laundry detergents, (EU) 2017/1218
Industrial and institutional laundry detergents, (EU) 2017/1219
- Raw material specifications/raw material certificates for all ingredient substances, stating that the ingredient substances do not have the classifications stated above.
- Raw material supplier safety data sheets for all ingredient substances, stating that the ingredient substances do not have the classifications stated above.
- The supplier’s self-declaration including technical documentation of compliance verified by an accredited verification body, accredited for the task in accordance with ISO/IEC 17029 or equivalent standard.
If the requirement is verified with a label, check that there is a valid license for the product in question. This can be controlled here: Good Environmental Choice and EU Ecolabel.
Safety Data Sheet
This requirement can be verified with safety data sheets for all the ingredient substances in the product, i. e not with the safety data sheet for the product. See section “2 Hazard(s) identification” in the safety data sheets for the ingredient substances - the hazardous properties of the substance are listed here. Check that none of the specified hazard classes / hazard statements in the requirement are listed here.
Self-declaration verified by an accredtied verification body
If a verified self-declaration is used to prove that the requirement is fulfilled, request the supplier’s self-declaration, including documentation showing that the requirement is met. The self-declaration shall be verified by a verification body accredited for the task in accordance with ISO / IEC 17029 or equivalent standard.
Information about the criterion
Note that this requirement cannot be verified with the product’s safety data sheet. Safety data sheets for all ingredient substances in the product are required. More information on this can be found under “follow-up”.
All the stated classifications in the table are also included in combinations of several classifications. Self-classification of ingredient substances is covered by this requirement.
NTA is excluded when present as an impurity in complexing agents such as MGDA (methylglycindiacetic acid) and GLDA (glutamate diacetate).
There are currently a limited number of accredited verification bodies for ISO/IEC 17029 (Conformity assessment - General principles and requirements for validation and verification bodies) as it is a relatively new standard. This may change, especially if the demand for verifying compliance in this way increases. More information about the standard and accredited verification bodies can be found on Swedac's website.
Substances classified as highly toxic, toxic, carcinogenic, mutagenic or toxic for reproduction may cause severe adverse effects on human health at exposure. It is therefore justified to set requirements on ingredient substances in chemical products not to be classified in accordance with the above. The requirement applies on both substances with binding common EU- classification and on substances classified by self-classification, i.e. when the manufacturer itself classifies its substances in accordance with regulations in force.
The version date indicates when the sustainability criterion was created or last updated. Last reviewed dated tells when we last checked that the sustainability criterion still is relevant.
- Current ID
- Version date
2022-07-07, Requirement ID 10027: 2: The exemption from the requirement updated. 2019-05-07, Requirement ID 10027: 1: The requirement has been extended with the addition of classification and exceptions.