Health risks of ingredient substances

It is important that there are no substances in the products, that are toxic or can cause cancer, genetic defects, harm fertility or the unborn child. This is to protect the user, but also to avoid distribution in the environment.

Criterion ID


Criterion level


Criterion type

Technical specification

Criterion text

Ingredient substances1 shall not be classified with the following hazard class and hazard statements in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 on classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures (CLP regulation), neither in EU-harmonised classification (in accordance with appendix VI in the CLP regulation) nor in self-classification.

Classification in accordance with Regulation (EC) 1272/2008

Hazard class

Hazard statement 

Acute toxicity (categories 1-3)

H300, H301, H310, H311, H330, H331

Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure (category 1)


Specific target organ toxicity - repeated exposure (category 1)



H350, H351


H340, H341

Toxic for reproduction

H360, H361, H362


  • For classification with acute toxicity and/or specific target organ toxicity, the following are exempted:

Enzymes (including stabilizers and preservatives in the enzyme raw material) if they are in liquid form or as encapsulated granules. The exception does not apply to enzymes in spray products.


Colouring agents approved as food additives in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008 on food additives.

Biological substances2, for example plant extracts

  • For classification with H351, the following are exempted:

Pollutants of NTA (Trisodium nitrilotriacetate, CAS 5064-31-3) in complexing agents at levels of up to 0.1 weight% in the end product.

1Counted as ingredient substances are all substances in the product at levels greater than 0.01 weight%. Counted as ingredient substances are intentionally added substances and impurities from the raw materials in the product. Reaction products, by-products and degradation products are counted as impurities.

2Biological substances are substances extracted with or without solvents from biological material, possibly purified, but not further modified. They can be vegetable or animal.