|Information about the origin of the raw material - egg and milk||Core||Technical specification|
Transparency and traceability in the food chain are important in order to be able to check sustainability parameters in the supply chain. By requiring that information about the origin of the raw-material is to be available and controllable, the procuring organization assures that traceability in the food chain is possible.
For products made from eggs and/or milk, information must be provided about the country of origin of the raw material, and it must be available to check when a tender is submitted. This information must also be made available or provided on request throughout the term of the contract.The information must include:
|EU-organic product||Core||Technical specification|
Organic production promotes sustainable agriculture. Organic farming should respect nature's ecosystems and different natural cycles, and strive to maintain and improve the quality of soil, water, plant health and the health of animals. The balance between all elements is to be maintained and preferably improved.
Food products must be produced in accordance with Regulation (EU) 2018/848 of the European Parliment and of the Council on organic production and labelling of organic products.
|Grazing - milk||Core||Technical specification|
Keeping animals on pasture is good for animal health and allows them plenty of opportunity to behave naturally. Well-managed grassland farming is also a resource-efficient and environmentally sustainable way to raise cattle. Grazing can be done on grassy fields or land that is less suitable for growing grain and legumes etc. Contracting organisations that set requirements for grassland farming also contribute to grazing that can have positive effects on biodiversity.
Products made from milk must be derived from animals that are kept on pasture for at least 60 days during the grazing season, as defined in the country of production.
Animals are considered to be kept grazing for one day if they spend time outside for a continuous period of at least six hours per day on land containing plants that can be grazed by the animals at such quantity and quality that it is possible for the animals to be able to graze naturally simultaneously.
|Surgical procedures under anaesthesia - beef and milk||Core||Technical specification|
Cattle are dehorned to keep the animals from injuring one another, or because the horns pose a danger to farm workers. Without anaesthesia, surgical procedures such as castration, dehorning and disbudding by cauterisation cause both pain and stress for the cattle, regardless of the age of the animal. Contracting authorities can contribute to ensuring that surgical procedures are carried out with less pain for the animals by requiring anaesthesia.
Beef and/or milk products must be derived from animals that have been anaesthetised during any and all surgical procedures, including castration, dehorning or disbudding by cauterisation. Dehorning by caustic paste, and castration by rubber ring are not permitted.
|Responsible use of antibiotics - meat and milk||Core||Technical specification|
High and improper use of antibiotics in animal husbandry is associated with an increased prevalence of resistant bacteria.1 Increased antibiotics resistance constitutes a public health threat worldwide, and is an important sustainability challenge.2 Contracting authorities that set criteria regarding the responsible use of antibiotics can contribute to antibiotics being used only when necessary for the sake of an animal's health.
Animal food products must be derived from animal production where antibiotics are not used for the purpose of promoting growth or routinely as a preventative measure. Antibiotics may be given only to sick animals or as prescribed by a veterinarian to animals in groups in which disease has broken out, after a diagnosis of clinical disease in part of the group has been established.
The total number of medical treatments must be documented along with the reasons for treatment and medical preparations used.
3rd and 4th generation cephalosporins and fluoroquinolones may be used only when microbiological examination and antimicrobial susceptibility tests show that there are no effective alternatives.
|Health monitoring and preventive animal health care - milk||Core||Technical specification|
Healthy animals are crucial to animal welfare and food safety. Continual monitoring of health parameters enables deviations to be quickly detected, laying the foundation for the prevention of sicknesses in the animals. Contracting organisations that set requirements for health monitoring encourage preventative animal health care and healthy animals.
Milk must be sourced from dairy farms that continually document important parameters in connection with the animals' health and that implement preventative measures for hoof health. The following health parameters must be documented on an ongoing basis:
The parameters must be able to be monitored over time to allow corrective measures to be taken as needed.
The following preventative measures must be implemented:
|Roughage for calves - beef and milk||Core||Technical specification|
Providing calves with roughage from a young age promotes a healthy development of rumination and reduces the risk of illnesses caused by deficiencies. High-quality roughage is also positive from an environmental perspective. Contracting authorities that set criteria regarding roughage for calves contribute to good animal health and environmental benefits in farming.
Beef and/or milk products must be derived from production where calves have free access to roughage from no later than two weeks of age.
|Responsibly produced soy||Advanced||Technical specification|
A large percentage of the soy used in European feed production comes from South America. The cultivation of soy has far-reaching negative consequences on the environment and human health due to high pesticide use, risk of establishment of new croplands in species-rich forest and savannah areas, soil erosion and the working conditions for labourers and the surrounding community. Procuring authorities may request that soy included in feed be cultivated in a responsible manner.
Soy used as feed must be traceable through a segregated supply chain or covered by a certificate that ensures compliance with the following:
|Organic product - addition milk||Advanced||Technical specification|
In organic production feed must be largely produced on the farm itself, be free from GMOs and must be grown without the use of unnatural chemical pesticides and mineral fertilisers. Contracting authorities that set the sustainability requirement at the advanced level for organic product also contribute to the implementation of extra measures for improving animal welfare and environmental sustainability, such as longer grazing period.
Products of milk must be produced in accordance with Regulation (EU) 2018/848 of the European Parliment and of the Council on organic production and labelling of organic products, as well as the following requirements:
|Surgical procedures with anaesthesia and analgesia - beef and milk||Advanced||Technical specification|
In addition to anaesthesia given during surgical procedures on cattle such as castration, dehorning and disbudding by cauterisation, analgesia has been shown to reduce the animal’s pain-related behaviour during dehorning and castration. By setting criteria that analgesia must be administered in addition to anaesthesia, contracting authorities can contribute to surgical procedures being carried out with less stress and pain for the animals.
Beef and/or milk products must be derived from animals that have been anaesthetised during surgical procedures, including castration, dehorning or disbudding by cauterisation. Dehorning by caustic paste, and castration by rubber ring are not permitted. In addition to anaesthesia, analgesia (NSAIDs) must be administered during any and all surgical procedures.
|Reduced climate impact from production - beef and milk||Advanced||Technical specification|
Producing beef and milk can generate a considerable amount of greenhouse gas emissions through the animals' digestive process, the production of animal feed, fertilisers, and the conversion of natural land into farmland for grazing and fodder production. There are several ways to reduce the climate impact of beef and milk production, such as improving energy efficiency, the use of renewable energy and feed analysis. Contracting authorities that set criteria for reducing the climate impact of beef production can contribute to beef and milk being produced with less of an impact on the climate.
Beef and/or milk products must be derived from production where measures have been taken to reduce the climate impact.
At least one of the following measures must have been implemented:
|Feed without GMO-content||Spearhead||Technical specification|
EU legislation is restrictive with regards to approving the cultivation and import of GMO crops. The use of GMOs in feed is however common in the EU, mainly soya feed, and production mainly takes place outside of the EU.1 For soya 78% of the globally cultivated area is for genetically modified crops.2 Contracting authorities that aim to avoid GMOs being used in the production of foodstuffs of animal origin can request that products should come from animals that have not eaten GMO fodder.
Product of animal origin must be derived from animals whose feed used in the breeding did not contain GMOs in amounts that require labelling according to Directive 2001/18/EC Article 30.2.
|Products of oil palm in animal feed||Spearhead||Technical specification|
Palm oil and its by-products are amongst the most important commercial products in the world and are used in a great variety of products, including animal feed. The production of palm oil has been connected with deforestation, increased carbon dioxide emissions and negative effects on the ecosystems of sensitive areas.1Contracting authorities that require the fats of palm origin used in animal feed to be covered by sustainability credits2 help to ensure an increased proportion of sustainable palm oil production.
Food products of animal origin must be derived from production where products or by-products from the oil palm , if it is used in animal feed, is 100% certified as sustainable or is 100% compensated by sustainability credits.
Drinking milk, products based on cow's milk and composite products containing at least 20 percent milk content. Examples of products that may be included in the criteria:
- Drinking milk
- Butter and cream
- Yoghurt and sour milk
- Sour cream and crème fraiche
- Cottage cheese and quark
- Hard cheese, cream cheese, blue cheese and processed cheese made from cow's milk
- Ice cream (not including fillings, i.e., chunks, ripples, sauces or jam)
- Pancakes, potato griddle cakes, scrambled eggs etc.