Organic product - addition milk
In organic production feed must be largely produced on the farm itself, be free from GMOs and must be grown without the use of unnatural chemical pesticides and mineral fertilisers. Contracting authorities that set the sustainability requirement at the advanced level for organic product also contribute to the implementation of extra measures for improving animal welfare and environmental sustainability, such as longer grazing period.
- Technical specification
- Milk and dairy from cows
Products of milk must be produced in accordance with Regulation (EU) 2018/848 of the European Parliment and of the Council on organic production and labelling of organic products, as well as the following requirements:
- All cattle involved in the production must spend time outdoors for at least two months longer than the grazing period of at least 60 days.
- Animals older than 6 months of age must spend time out at pasture for at least 12 hours per day during the grazing period as defined in the country of production.
- The animal keeper works in accordance with a preventative healthcare plan and veterinary inspection upon any sign of poor animal health. With the exception of vaccination, preventative treatment using medical preparations is not permitted.
- During surgical procedures, the animals must be given anaesthesia and analgesia.
Upon request the supplier shall be ready to present, for example, one of the following:
- Certificate or labelling that meets the above requirements, e.g., KRAV certificate or another label that meets the requirements.
One method of follow-up is through spot checks of delivered products. The information provided by the supplier in its tender is then checked/examined, for example by:
- ensuing that details regarding product labelling – such as the KRAV label or other labelling – are accurate.
- ensuring that other documentation provided shows that the requirement is met.
Information about the criterion
Chapter 6, Sections 4-7 of the Swedish Board of Agriculture's regulations (SJVFS 2019:18) regulate the minimum number of days that animals must be kept on pasture or otherwise allowed to spend time outdoors during the summer. In northern Sweden, the minimum is 60 days; in central Sweden, 90 days, and in southern Sweden, it is 120 days. If there is no legally established level where production takes place, the minimum that applies is two months in addition to 60 days.
Regulation (EU) 2018/848 entered into force on 1 January 2022 and replaced Regulation (EC) 834/2007.
Amongst other things, requirements for organic products contribute to the A Non-Toxic Environment and A Rich Diversity of Plant and Animal Life environmental quality objectives. An organic farm contains an average of about 30 percent more species of plants and pollinators than a conventional one.
The advanced-level criterion for organic products includes several points of added value from an animal welfare and environmental perspective. For example, the length of time spent outside is longer, which gives animals greater opportunity to satisfy their natural behaviour. Dairy cows must be outside for most of the day during the grazing period, and a large part of their feed intake therefore comes from grazing. Increased grassland farming can contribute positively to biological diversity, which is essential for the operation and stability of ecosystems. Animal keepers must work preventatively to ensure that the animals' health is good and must follow a well-thought-out plan for strategically preventing animal ill-health and for having veterinary inspections, which is an important measure for keeping the use of antibiotics at a low level.
All surgical procedures must be carried out under anaesthesia or analgesia. Treating animals as sentient beings by minimising their pain is crucial for animal welfare. Additionally, animals that experience pain are likely to be less productive, and studies show that chronic pain has a negative impact on animals' metabolism. Analgesia administered in addition to anaesthesia in connection with surgical procedures has been shown to reduce an animal's symptoms of pain during both dehorning and castration.
The version date indicates when the sustainability criterion was created or last updated. Last reviewed dated tells when we last checked that the sustainability criterion still is relevant.
- Current ID
- Version date
2020-12-21, RequirementID 10450:2: Changed additional requirements. Animals must be allowed to graze outdoors for most of the day during the pasturage period (at least two grazing sessions) have changed to "All cattle involved in the production must spend time outdoors for at least two months longer than the grazing period of at least 60 days. "Animals older than 6 months of age must spend time out at pasture for at least 12 hours per day during the grazing period as defined in the country of production." Calving can be done in seclusion away from other animals and calves suckle for at least one day are changed to plan for preventive animal healthcare and that analgesia, as well as mandatory anaesthesia, must be given when preforming surgical procedures.